Costs News

03 August 2017
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“Now is not the time to remedy the problem of incurred costs”

Lord Justice Jackson’s review said the problem of incurred costs in the budgeting process had been highlighted by both claimant and defendant lawyers, but that now was not the time to implement solution.

 Though it was not a function of the review to “tinker” with the costs management rules or Judicial College modules, he recorded that a review of 191 agreed or approved claimant budgets and 183 agreed or approved defendant budgets showed that, on average, incurred costs represented 35% of the former and 18% of the latter.

 He cited the Personal Injuries Bar Association’s “constructive” proposal that the judge at the CCMC should “positively to take into account the amount of costs already incurred when setting the budget for the future conduct of the case”, and quoted one of his assessors, District Judge Middleton.

 The regional costs judge said: “If appropriate account of incurred costs is taken by the case managing judge under the existing provision at CPR PD 3E 7.4, when approving budgeted costs, then the budgeted costs will reflect both the just and proportionate case management decision and the overall cost determined as reasonable and proportionate for any particular phase.

 “Recent Judicial College training addressed this issue in some detail. In addition, the inclusion of CPR rule 3.15(4) and rule 3.18 (c) from April 2017, has reinforced the ability of the case/costs managing judge to make comments on incurred costs and the obligation on the assessing judge to take account of any comments.”

 Jackson LJ said he also saw “considerable merit” in Master Cook’s proposal that it might be appropriate to fix pre-issue and pre-budget costs. “Clearly any grid of fixed pre-issue and pre-budget costs would not suit every case. Therefore, Master Cook suggested that there could be a rule saying ‘don’t exceed £x without permission’.”

 He continued: “In order to implement this proposal, we would need to look at all areas of litigation, not just clinical negligence. It would be necessary to draw up quite an elaborate grid of pre-issue and pre-budget provisional costs, with different figures for different types of case. It would then be necessary to develop a procedure for pre-action applications to the court for approval of expenditure above the provisional figures.

 “Such a scheme would probably require primary legislation, to give the court appropriate pre-action jurisdiction. The best way to do that would be by amending section 33 of the Senior Courts Act 1981 and section 52 of the County Courts Act 1984.

 “In my view, it would be premature to take this proposal forward now for three reasons: (i) I am already recommending some significant reforms. Those reforms should be allowed to bed in before we take this quite major step. (ii) There will be resource implications for district judges and masters if applications for pre-action costs budgeting are added to their workload. This is not an objection to the reform, but the resource implications must be addressed first. (iii) By definition, this scheme will only apply to cases which are above the proposed intermediate track and are subject to costs management.

 “The experience of a fixed-costs regime in the intermediate track will be highly relevant to the development of any grid of any pre-issue/pre-budget provisional fixed costs for multi-track cases.

“My only recommendation, therefore, is that in the future consideration should be given to developing (a) a grid of FRC for incurred costs in different categories of case and (b) a pre-action procedure for seeking leave to exceed the FRC in the grid.”




Sue Nash   25/09/2017 at 20:56

It appears that RNB is set for a HC appeal - watch this space! Meanwhile, RIP Solicitors Journal which - sadly - has just ceased publication after 180 years

News Flash   28/09/2017 at 12:18

Another pointless case, why resist a payment on account when your paying the opponents costs in the end anyway? these types of disputes should be a thing of the past!

MB   05/10/2017 at 13:18

Why has the focus returned to the SCCO "going completely digital". Was the electronic bill not extended to all Courts!

Dragon   12/10/2017 at 13:40

Well said Jim. Too often we see clinical negligence claims settle for say £2k only to be followed by a bill for say £50k. Thankfully there are some excellent costs lawyers out there who battle those costs down, but the situation remains outrageous.

Simon Mccarthy   13/10/2017 at 13:56

Dragon - your comment overlooks the fact that it is almost invariably your clients - the Defendants - who cause those scandalous costs by intransigently, and inexplicably, refusing to come to the negotiating table until too late, when the costs have already been racked up; it is their failure to take a realistic view to claims at the outset which necessitates the costs. This faux horror is therefore hard to stomach, especially when one considers the equivalent costs being incurred by government bodies (funded by us tax payers of course) often to the tune of 4-5 times the sums you mention, and the many Defendant costs draftsmen shelling peas for their piece of the pie. Sadly, it is the same old story of 'pay peanuts get monkeys' and, unless and until government wake up and start paying competent people to deal with claims pragmatically, the UK public purse will continue to haemorrhage billions of pounds that we can ill afford. Still, as long as it keeps Defendant costs draftsmen/lawyers in business?....

Northern Costs Monkey   13/10/2017 at 14:31

Just shows how ridiculous the whole budgeting process is. The reason firms generally don’t make applications to revise their budgets is because the bar set for varying them is absurdly high. No one even knows what a “significant development” is. A load of nonsense in my opinion. The situation we have now is that firms just don’t bother revising the budgets because in all likelihood it won’t be accepted. Meaning firms can be stuck with an “approved” budget that is a couple of years out of date, was drafted before the directions were even agreed, and is no longer fit for purpose. What should happen is that budgets should be drafted after the first CMC, and there should be a rule put in place that parties are able to freely revise a previously agreed or approved budget every six months, regardless of significant developments, with the updated budget to be considered at a costs management conference listed for a later date. That after all was the whole point of budgeting, was it not? Pragmatic costs management?

Simon   16/10/2017 at 16:47

I find this whole issue completely unnecessarily. Independent Midwives had commercial insurance suitable for their needs, however to try and save money they chose to try and become self-funding and cancelled their insurance without fully understanding the risks and exposures. I cannot see why it is in the public interest to bring a JR (and why the costs should be capped) when commercial solutions were available, however the issue is that as a group they didn't want to pay the costs of commercial insurance.

Dragon 2   18/10/2017 at 08:07

Great points Simon. Fully agree. Courts are fully aware of how these matters are conducted by those representing defendant. Surely though the money for damages and costs comes out of the medical suppliers' insurers' account, not tax pot nor nursing fund. Maybe that's why there is such a drive to extend the fixed costs regime to clin neg claims. Just a thought......

Mel B   19/10/2017 at 12:05

'Like' Simon McCarthy's comment

Cath Hart   21/10/2017 at 09:32

In reply to Simon's comment (which I thought at first meant this situation could be resolved) my understanding is that professional indemnity insurance for independent midwives has been withdrawn, but even if available the premium would be in the region of 20-30k annually (reference so I would disagree that it was cancelled to "save money" - these premiums exceed many of the midwives salaries so it was simply unworkable without government assistance. When professional indemnity insurance became mandatory under the EU directive in 2014 the independent midwives did appeal to the government for funding but this was rejected due to the low number of women involved so was not thought to represent value for money for the taxpayer. (reference:

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